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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-5

A study of palmar dermatoglyphics of bronchial asthma patients and their first degree relatives in Kurnool district

1 Department of Anatomy, Viswabharathi Medical College, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anatomy, Santhiram Medical College, Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Anatomy, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhuj, Gujurat, India
4 Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhuvaneswar, India

Correspondence Address:
K Sreenivasulu
H.No-87-1377-13, Sehadri Nagar, Near Nandyal check post, Kurnool-2, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6691.104435

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The word dermatoglyphics denotes the epidermal ridge patterns of sole, palm, and fingertips. In early foetal life dermal ridge differentiation occurs. It is genetically determined, and is influenced by physical, topographical, and environmental forces. Probably, the blood supply and nerve supply also modulate the dermatoglyphic patterns. Recently the dermatoglyphic patterns have proved to be of diagnostic value in certain clinical disorders associated with chromosomal and developmental defects, like mongolism, mental retardation, turner syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and schizophrenia. In the present study dermatoglyphic prints were obtained from 50 patients of bronchial asthma and 50 relatives of these patients. We have observed a statistically significant difference in the number of whorls on thumbs and a-b ridge count in comparison between bronchial asthma cases and controls. These parameters are also valuable in predicting the disease in the first degree relatives of patients.

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