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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-79

Identification of common allergens for united airway disease by skin prick test

1 Department of TB and Chest Diseases, Heritage Institute of Medical Sciences, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of TB and Chest Diseases, MLN Medical College, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of TB and Respiratory Diseases, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Deep Mishra
Department of TB and Chest Diseases, Heritage Institute of Medical Science, Bhadwar, Varanasi - 211 311, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-6691.195237

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Objective: Identification of common allergens by skin prick test in patients of united airway disease. Materials and Methods: Skin prick test was performed in 60 patients of United Airway Disease to identify the common allergens. A total of 62 allergens consisting of 36 types of pollen, 5 fungi, 4 insects, 8 type of dusts, 4 dander, 3 fabrics, Dust mite and Parthenium leaves were tested. Result: Most common allergens were Dust mite (60%) followed by Parthenium leaves (45%), insects (18.75%), pollen (14.81%), dust allergens (8.51%), fabrics (8.33%), fungi (5.66%), dander (5%). Most common insect allergens were cockroach (female) (30%), cockroach (male) (23.33%). Common pollens were Ricinus communis (28.33%), Amaranthus spinosus (28.33%), Parthenium hysterophorus (26.66%), Eucalyptus tereticornis (26.66%) and Cynodon dactylon (25%). Common dust allergens were house dust (21.66%), paper dust (11.66%) and cotton mill dust (10%). Among fabrics kapok cotton (13.33%) showed maximum positivity. Among fungi Aspergillus fumigatus (10%) followed by A. niger (6.66%) were most common. In animal dander group common ones were cat dander followed by dog dander. Conclusion: In conclusion it can be said that the knowledge drawn by above study will help to treat patients by immunotherapy or avoidance strategy.

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